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Geography

Intent

We inspire curiosity and fascination about the world and its people. We aim to equip children with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. We strive to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments that change over time. We actively seek to support their learning by real life experiences, enabling pupils to learn in an active and creative way.

Geography at Wymondley is taught through the following content...

 

Yr 1/2Yr 3/4Yr 5/6
Cycle A

Animals from different climates - locate & compare

Britain - countries, compass directions, aerial photos 

Oceans and Seas of the World


 

Local Geographical Skills

Extreme Earth (mountains, volcanoes, natural disasters)

Water Cycle, Rivers and Coasts

 


 

Rainforests - comparison with UK

Ancient Greece - European Geography

 

 

 

 

 

Cycle B

Our School - local area

Weather

Great Fire of London (History topic) - map skills, London

Food - continents, countries, capital cities of UK

Comparison study (Australia)

UK Geography

All around the World

 


 

Anglo Saxons & Viking - UK geography

Science - adaptation - range of environments for animals.

 


 

 

Enrichment OpportunitiesLinks Across the Curriculum
  

 

 

Through this content, the children learn and develop the following skills...

 

 Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6

Geographical Knowledge

 

(location and place)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identify where countries are within the UK and the key topographical features.

 

Name and locate the cities of the UK

 

Identify physical and human features of the locality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Recognise the different shapes of the continents

Demonstrate knowledge of features about places around him/her and beyond the UK

Identify where countries are within Europe, including Russia

Recognise that people have differing qualities of life dependent upon location and environment.

Know how the locality is set within a wider geographical context.

know about the wider context of places – region, country.

Understand why there are similarities and differences between places.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locate and describe some physical environments in the UK

 

Locate the UK's regions and major cities

 

Locate some major cities and countries of

Europe and North and South America on physical and political maps.

 

Describe some key physical and human characteristics of Europe and North and South America.

 

Locate places studied in relation to the Equator, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and their latitude and longitude.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locate and describe several physical environments in the UK, and how they change.

 

Locate the UK's major urban areas, knowing

some of their distinct characteristics and how some of these have changed over time. 

Recognise broad land-use patterns of the UK.

 

Locate cities, countries and

regions of Europe and North and South America on physical and political maps.

 

Describe key physical and human characteristics and environmental regions of Europe and North and South America.

 

Locate places studied in relation to the Equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, latitude and longitude, and relate this to their time zone, climate, seasons and vegetation.

 

Geographical Understanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • key physical features, including:, forest, hill, mountain, soil, valley, vegetation,.
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country concentrating on islands and sea sides

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Understand why there are similarities and differences between places

Explain about weather conditions/patterns around the UK and parts of the Europe

Develop an awareness of how places relate to each other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Describe human features of the UK regions, cities and/or counties

Understand the effect of landscape features on the development of a locality

Describe how people have been affected by changes in the environment

Explain about natural resources e.g. water in the locality

Explore weather patterns around parts of the world


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Understand that climate and vegetation are connected in an example of a biome, e.g. the tropical rainforest.

 

Understand that animals and plants are adapted to the

Climate.

 

Understand our food is grown in many different

countries because of their climate.

 

Describe some key physical processes and the

resulting landscape features

 

Know and understand what life is like in cities and in villages.

 

Know the journey of how one product gets into their

home in detail.

 

Describe different types of industry currently in the local area.

 

Describe some renewable and non-renewable energy

sources.

 

Know where some of our main natural resources come from.

 

Understand how a region has changed. 

 

 

Know and share information about a European region and a region in North or South America, and

understand that a region such as the Alps is unique.

 

Identify an important environmental issue.

 

 

 


 

Understand how climate and

vegetation are connected in biomes, e.g. the tropical

rainforest and the desert.

 

Describe what the climate of a region is like and how plants and animals are adapted to it.

Understand how food production is

influenced by climate.

 

Describe and understand a range of key physical processes and the resulting landscape features.

 

know and understand what life is like in cities and in villages and in a range of settlement sizes.

 

Understand that products we use are imported as well as locally produced.

 

Explain how the types of industry in the area

have changed over time.

 

understand where our energy and natural

resources come from.

 

Understand how a region has changed and how it is different from another region of the UK.

 

Know information about a region of Europe and North or South America, its physical environment and climate.

 

Explain some ways biomes

(including the oceans) are valuable, why they are under threat and how they can be protected.

 

Geographical Skills and Enquiry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

 

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of our school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Ask and respond to geographical questions, e.g. Describe the landscape. Why is it like this? How is it changing? What do you think about that? What do you think it might be like if... continues?

Analyse evidence and draw conclusions e.g. make comparisons between locations using aerial photos/pictures such as populations, temperatures etc.

Recognise that different people hold different views about an issue and begin to understand some of the reasons why

Communicate findings in ways appropriate to the task or for the audience

Understand and use a widening range of geographical terms e.g. specific topic vocabulary – meander, floodplain, location, industry, transport, settlement, water cycle etc.

Use basic geographical vocabulary such as cliff, ocean, valley, vegetation, soil, mountain, port, harbour, factory, office

Make more detailed fieldwork sketches/diagrams

Use fieldwork instruments e.g. camera, rain gauge

Use and interpret maps, globes, atlases and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and key features

Use four figure grid references

Use the 8 points of a compass

Make plans and maps using symbols and keys

Understand and use a widening range of geographical terms e.g. specific topic vocabulary – contour, height, valley, erosion, deposition, transportation, headland, volcanoes, earthquakes etc.

Measure straight line distances using the appropriate scale

Explore features on OS maps using 6 figure grid references

Draw accurate maps with more complex keys

Plan the steps and strategies for an enquiry


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use physical and political maps, atlases, and

computer mapping to describe some key physical and human characteristics of Europe or North and South America.

 

Use globes and atlases to locate places studied in

relation to the Equator, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and their

latitude and longitude

use four-figure grid references.

 

Use OS map symbols and atlas symbols.

 

Use maps at different scales.

 

Make a sketch map with symbols.

 

Present information gathered in fieldwork in a range of ways

 

Carry out fieldwork in an urban area and/or

a rural area using appropriate techniques.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use physical and political maps to describe key physical and human characteristics of

regions of Europe or North and South America.

 

Use globes and atlases to locate places studied in relation to the Equator, latitude and longitude

and time zones.

 

Use four-figure, and find six-

figure, grid references.

 

Describe height and slope from a map.

 

Read and compare map scales.

 

make sketch maps of areas using symbols, a key and a scale.

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present information gathered in fieldwork, in a range of ways including graphs.

 

plan and carry out a fieldwork investigation in an urban area and/or a rural area using appropriate techniques


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geography in Action at Wymondley...

 

    
    
    
    

 

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